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Causes, Treatment, and Caring of Plantar Fasciitis

Heel pain is in most cases caused by plantar fasciitis, heel pain is sometimes referred to as heel spur syndrome particularly when there is a spur, it is worth noting that heel pain can also be caused by a fracture, tendon problems, arthritis disease, or in rare situations by a cyst. Because there a numerous possible reasons one experience pain on the heel, it is a good thing to look for a reputable and experienced ankle surgeon to properly examine you for proper diagnoses, a good ankle surgeon can identify all possibilities and determine the source of your heel pain. A significant number of people have no idea what plantar fasciitis is, in simple term, it is swelling of the plantar fascia that connects heel to toes, the heel pain starts when fascia is irritated and become inflamed which in turn cause a sharp stabbing pain emanating from the heel. This article outlines some causes symptoms, diagnosis, and current non-surgical treatment of heel pain.

Faulty foot structure is the principle cause of plantar fasciitis, this common to people with flat feet, or unusual high-arched feet, or have problems with their arches when you wear non-supportive shoes on hard flat surfaces it put excessive pressure on the plantar fascia increasing possibilities of developing plantar fasciitis, this is witnessed in people whose task demands extended hours on the feet, and overweight people also expose an individual to pain on the heel.

Some main telltale signs of plantar fasciitis are pain from beneath the heel, and from the arch, the pain increases on standing and continues to worsen over time, the pain normally worsens on standing after sitting for a good number of hours, but the pain disappears after a small walk, the reason is that walking helps in stretching the plantar fascia.

Diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is arrived at after foot and ankle surgeon examines a patient foot and during the process rule out all other types of heel pain, however, before a final diagnosis is made the surgeon will first obtain your medical history, to pinpoint the type of heel pain a patient has, the doctor may use imaging diagnostic such as x-rays, there are some cases where patients with plantar fasciitis have been found to have heel spurs, this is a rare thing but it happens, in such case, the patient is diagnosed with plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.

Non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis include stretching exercises especially those that target the calf muscles, stretching these muscles relieves the pain and fasten recovery time, avoiding walking barefoot is another strategy to prevent or manage plantar fasciitis, when you walk barefoot you put plantar fascia on unnecessary pressure, icing is another non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis, 20 minutes of icing few times a day minimizes inflammation that causes the pain, it is also important to limit your physical activities, wear supportive shoes especially those with good arch support, you can use medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

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